A Greek response to Victor Friedman's views on Macedonia and Balkan multilingualism

A group of Greek academics respond to a Balkanalysis.com
interview (12/14/08) featuring University of Chicago Professor of Slavic
Languages&Literatures and Linguistics Victor Friedman, and focusing on
Balkan history and culture.



Ime romeos e xeuro plus glose                                    Fazio degli
Uberti, Il Dittamondo, 3.23.36

March, 2009

In his
interview on Balkanalysis.com (12/14/2008) [1], Linguistics professor and
Balkan Studies scholar Victor Friedman portrays Greeks as a most undemocratic
and oppressive nation, from ancient to present time, and places the role of
Greece in the Balkans in a most negative light. The core of his arguments seems
to lie in what he considers suppression of multilingualism and minorities in
Greece, which he associates with the current dispute between Greece and the
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
(FYROM) on the name of
the latter country. As scholars and academics, some of us students of
Macedonian history and culture, we wish to offer an alternative perspective and
rebut Friedman’s views and assertions in regard to the identity of the modern
Greek nation and the true nature of the current dispute between Greece and
FYROM. It should be noted that, prior to our decision to write this letter, we
invited Dr. Friedman to debate his views in the Hellenic Electronic
Center/Professors’ Forum*, but he declined our invitation.

Friedman’s overt bias is best exemplified in his remark “Greeks get away with this ‘cradle of democracy’ image! Give me a break!
Ancient Greece was a slave-owning society,
” which defies further comment.
It is indeed unfortunate that such a statement came from a scholar.                                                                                            

We will
not respond with similar sensationalism here. Rather, we will remain close to
the facts and scholarly sources, and address those points made by Friedman
which might sound reasonable to a reader who is not familiar with the past and
the recent history of the Southern Balkan region.

Friedman states that “Greeks have been
trying to destroy the Slavic culture and its literacy since the Middle Ages

Quite to the contrary, the Greeks of Byzantium
and the post-byzantine period immensely and crucially contributed to the
development of the Slavic cultures of Russia, Bulgaria, and
Serbia, during their conversion to Christianity [2]. Remarkably, Friedman
neglects to acknowledge that the written Slavic languages were developed by two
Byzantine Greek monastic scholars and linguists, Cyril and Methodius of
Thessaloniki. Among others, Friedman also displays sheer disregard for: a) the pivotal contributions to Russian
literature and philosophy by 15th century Athonite luminary monk
Maximus Graecus (
Μάξιμος ο Γραικός) [3]; b) the learned Greek brothers, Ioanniky and Sofrony
Likhud (
Λειχούδη), founders of
Moscow’s first institution of higher learning, the
Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, in 1687 [4]; and c) the centuries-old devotion of the Mother Church (Patriarchate of
Constantinople) and Greek clergy to their Slav brethren, as embodied in the
published works of the 19th century influential theologian and
scholar Konstantinos Oeconomos (
Κωνσταντίνος Οικονόμος εξ Οικονόμων)[5], a strong advocate of the historical ties and close kinship between
Greeks and Slavs through the centuries.

2) In his rather bookish and rigidly
circumscribed view about linguistically divergent constituencies in Greece,
Friedman challenges the very essence of Modern Greek identity by disregarding
–in a historical sense
inclusive tradition of Romiosyni, the
natural precursor of the Modern Greek nation. The concept of
Romiosyni is, in many
respects, akin to a ‘Greek Commonwealth’
, which transcends racial, tribal, and
regional linguistic barriers.
In failing to bring this concept into
consideration when it comes to the historical context of multilingualism in the
Balkan region, Friedman echoes earlier claims by—let us note—Greek scholars
such as the late Loukas Tsitsipis
[6] of Aristotle
University of Thessaloniki and the late Kostas Kazazis
[7] of the University of Chicago. Friedman – who
is no stranger to Arvanitika, Vlahika and Slavonic dialects in the geographic
region of Macedonia

fails to acknowledge that linguistically variegated groups such as Vlach-,
Arvanite-, and Slavonic speakers in Macedonia, members of the Ottoman Rum
millet and loyal followers of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, were not
subjects (by way of coercive or repressive assimilation) but rather they
comprised dominant forces decisively partaking in the fermentation process
leading to the shaping of Modern Greek identity and the dissemination of Greek
letters in Ottoman Rumelia long before the eruption of ethnic feuds,
divisions, and regional nationalisms [8, 9]


3) Friedman alludes to Greek indifference or even
resistance to learning foreign languages, unlike other Balkan peoples.
It is surprising that a Linguistics
scholar uses the (presumed) lack of a Greek
proverb to
the effect that ‘languages are wealth’ as evidence that
Greeks do not value multilingualism. This kind of rhetoric does not constitute a sound linguistic
argument, and though possibly appealing to a lay-person, it reflects a way of
thinking (called “strong relativism”) that has been largely discredited in
current Linguistics.


To go back to scholarly sources, in his book
“Bilingualism and the Latin Language” Cambridge University Press, 2003
[10], John N. Adams, Senior Research Fellow of All
Souls College, Oxford, asserts that whilst “it has long been the conventional opinion that Greeks were indifferent
or hostile to the learning of foreign languages, recently it has been
shown that that view is far from the truth.  Latin in particular was
widely known, as has
been demonstrated
by Holford-Strevens and on a massive scale by Rochette.”


With reference to the modern history of the Greek Nation (Γένος), members of
the Rum millet and Romiosyni, ranging from those belonging to the high
echelon of diplomats and luminaries of the Sublime Porte (viz. the Phanariots) to the ubiquitous Balkan merchants and
retailers in the Ottoman Rumelia, were in fact polyglot (Greek-, Vlach-,
Albanian-, Slavonic-, and/or Turkish-speaking, many of them acquainted with
Russian, French, German and/or English). Noteworthy in this regard was the
precocious (18th century) Greek ‘renaissance’ in Moschopolis/Moscopole (present
day Albania)
[12] and
the 19th/early 20th century Greek cultural dimension in Pelagonia (Krushevo and
Monastir/Bitola; present day FYROM) [8, 9]. These centers fostered the
dissemination of Greek culture and letters, promoted by bilingual or polyglot
speakers with fervent Greek national identity.
from this, once flourishing, community are still present today in FYROM.


The famous Protopiria
(Primer), an Albanian-German-Modern Greek-Vlach dictionary written by the
polymath cleric and scholar Theodoros Anastasiou Kavaliotis (Kavalliotes)
[13], was the forerunner of comparative linguistics in
the Balkans. It was printed in 1770 in Venice, and stands as a reminder of the
widespread multilingualism in the flourishing Grecovlach center of
Moschopolis/Moscopole and across the territories of the Ottoman Rumelia
(the geographical region of Macedonia included).


Reference is made herein to the published works
by Thomas Paschidis (1879)
[14] and Mihail
Lanbrinydis (1907)
[15], which capture
the collective memories of Arvanite and Vlach Greeks during the second half of
the 19th century and the early 20th century.  These works offer a palpable
proof of the Greek-Albanian kinship perceived by the 19th century Greek
scholars. Noteworthy in this regard are the demonstrative sentiments of Thomas
Paschidis, a bilingual -possibly polyglot- Greek Epirote/Arvanite luminary,
towards his Grecovlach and Bulgarian
brethren. His book contains an appendix in Arvanitika using Greek characters,
which is especially informative and enlightening [14].


Given the above, we contend that claims for the
presence of divergent identities of Greeks, Arvanites, Vlachs, and so-called
Macedonian Slavs, based solely on linguistic grounds, should be viewed with
cautious circumspection and within the context of time and space. In
particular, it is somewhat surprising that Friedman did not consider the
massive diffusion of Arbëreshë (Arvanite) speakers southward into the Helladic
Mainland and the Peloponnese during the 14th and 15th centuries (and the
most relevant Stradioti saga). Τhe
remarkable fermentation and integration of Arbëreshë/Shqiptarë-speaking
populations with Greek-, Vlach/Armîn-, and Slavonic-speaking members of the Rum
millet during the ensuing centuries remains at the core of Romiosyni and Modern
Greek ethnogenesis. 


from a modern historic and anthropological perspective, the rigidly
and sharply delimited ethno-linguistic
‘definitions’ and compartmentalizations brought forward by Friedman are open to
critical reappraisal. Importantly, they are, to a large extent, alien and
irrelevant to the Greeks of Arvanite or Vlach origin, whose identity has been
shaped by their collective participation in the Modern Greek Experience during
the past two (and possibly more) centuries.   


The “Declaration
of the Northern Epirotes from the Districts of Korytsa and Kolonia Demanding
Union of Their Native Province with Greece — Pan-Epirotic Union in America,
(Boston, 1919)”
is a testament to the perception of their Greek
identity among Albanian-, Vlach- and Greek speakers in Southern
Albania/Northern Epirus http://www.helleniccomserve.com/pdf/Declaration%20of%20Northern%20Epirotes%20in%2019%5B1%5D…pdf


Whilst the vision of the 18th century
Grecovlach luminary Rigas Velestinlis Thettalos (Feraios) for the creation of a
post-Ottoman Balkan Federation/Commonwealth, transcending regional and
linguistic differences, did not materialize, the idea –nonetheless- reflected
the sentiment of many emancipated Greeks at the time.  But the
ethnic/national ‘awakenings’ and the divisive forces were already
underway, heralding the partial disintegration of Romiosyni followed by a
protracted and intractable course of regional feuds and dissensions, which
unfortunately live up to this day. The emergence of the ethnocentric
national(istic) narrative of ‘Makedonism’ is symptomatic of delayed ‘awakening’
thanks –in part- to the contributions by scholars like Dr. Victor Friedman. 


4) Friedman’s argument that “the Greeks came up with a
line claiming the Macedonians could not claim the name Macedonia unless they
were descended from the Ancient Macedonians
” is a
sheer misrepresentation. The basis of the dispute between Greece and FYROM lies
on the open attempt by the FYROM government to appropriate a very significant
part of the Greek history (see examples: http://faq.macedonia.org/history/ and http://www.macedonia-timeless.com/).
As part of its newly constructed national narrative, FYROM has opted to trace
its historical roots to classical antiquity, underrating the predominantly
Slavonic cultural heritage of the majority of its population, which is shared
with its Bulgarian brethren. In the words of Dr. Evangelos Kofos, Greece’s
leading authority on Modern Macedonian History, this all-encompassing doctrine
of ‘Makedonism’ is “encroaching upon an
illustrious past, which had been recorded in the annals of Hellenic heritage,
almost a millennium prior to the arrival of Slavic tribes in the region
[16] (N.B. There was no Slavic presence in Macedonia until
nearly 1,000 years after the time of Alexander the Great).


Aside from the grandiose ideations traceable to
antiquity, there is yet another darker side to the ethnocentric national
narrative of ‘Makedonism’. Central to the problem at hand is the morbid
obsession with race, DNA, HLA haplotypes, and the likes, underlying a broader
racial purity narrative. In the video below, one can see footage from a staged
propaganda-style inspirational film titled “
Molitva” (Macedonian Prayer)
, which was aired on the government-run MTV1
– National TV, First Channel
television station of Skopje. Note that
the video culminates in a crescendo blending biblical apocalyptic delusions
with overtly racial overtones from a different era. Thus, using Hellenized
terms, the narrator speaks God’s words to the children of the Sun and Flowers
telling them that Mother Earth gave birth to three races: “Makedonjoide = white race, Mongoloide = yellow race, Negroide = black race (all others being
mulattoes).”  And God went on to say
to the Makedontsi that, “All white people are your brethren because they
carry ‘Macedonian’ genes.”


It is indeed
regrettable that Friedman has opted to downplay the gravity and long-term
implications of a morbidly nationalistic narrative nurtured in the primary and
secondary school curricula of FYROM.


Greeks throughout the world do not harbor any
enmity or hostility toward FYROM nationals, and yearn for a peaceful
and productive coexistence between
the two peoples.
Greece has an earnest desire for mutual respect
and the realization of a lasting political solution with its northern neighbor.
Greece does not deny the nationals of FYROM their identity (or
identities).  In this dispute, Greece is
only compelled to delineate the distinction between the ethno-cultural domains
of Greek Macedonia and FYROM. With this in mind, we wish that t
he people of FYROM start questioning
the state propaganda and reflect upon their
recent history. They were victimized for half a century under a
totalitarian regime and were nurtured under a propagandistic educational
In keeping with this entrenched tradition,
Article 6 of the Law on the Scientific Research Activity, as published in the
“Official Gazette of the Republic of Macedonia” Nos.13/96 and 29/02,
proscribes the development of any scientific research on the ethnic identity of
the citizens of FYROM
We believe that such obsessive preoccupation with national identity in the 21st
century, coupled with misrepresentation of history, only harms the citizens of


As a geographic region, Macedonia has long been
known for its ethno-linguistic diversity for which the time-honored term
“Macedonian salad” was coined. Hence, Macedonia is neither a single country nor
the cradle of a single nation, but a geographic region (with protean borders
throughout history) parts of which belong nowadays to three states, each with
its distinctive cultural heritage, national identity, and collective memory.
It is most disturbing that Skopje claims the entire geographic
Macedonian region of modern times as part of that nation’s “tatkovina” (fatherland), thus
effectively laying claim to unredeemed territories in Greek Macedonia
[18]. This is not a
“hidden agenda”. The government of FYROM has published and circulated a state
map showing FYROM to extend over Greek territory, including Thessaloniki [19].


The Hellenic identity of ancient Macedonia is
indisputable; it is supported by historical, archeological, and linguistic
evidence. For the socio-political and historical facts, the most authoritative
source is
classic work of the leading scholar on the history of ancient Macedonia, the
late Prof. Nicholas Hammond’s book, The Macedonian State, Clarendon
Press, Oxford, 1989. As regards the language, by 5th century B.C. Attic
Greek was standardized as the language of Ancient Macedonia (Makedon). For
instance, o
f the 1,044 inscriptions included in the
fascicle Inscriptiones Thessalonicae et Viciniae (ISBN 3 11 0018594)
of the most painstaking and complex volumes of the Berlin corpus, encompassing
all the inscriptions of ancient Thessaloniki from the 3rd century B.C. to the
7th or 8th century A.D.

most are Greek, while a few are Latin (personal communication with Dr. John C.
Rouman, Professor Emeritus of Classics at the University of New Hampshire)
 When considering the pre-5th century
B.C. language (for which evidence is more fragmentary), the current consensus
seems to be that it was a Hellenic dialect. The term “Hellenic” has been
proposed by Professor Brian Joseph (Ohio State University, 1999, 2001) [21] to
refer to the linguistic sub-family within the Indo-European languages that
comprises Ancient Macedonian and the rest of the Greek dialects.
classification has been adopted by the LINGUIST list (the official electronic
site of Linguistics); see


On the first
site, it is additionally cautioned that “Macedonian is the ancient language of
the Macedonian kingdom in northern Greece and modern Macedonia during the 1st
millennium B.C. Not to be confused with
the modern Macedonian language, which is a close relative of the Slavonic
[emphasis ours].” For additional references on the subject, see
G. Babiniotis, “Ancient Macedonian: The Place of Macedonian among the Greek
Dialects” in : A. M. Tamis (ed.), Macedonian
, Melbourne 1990, pp. 241-250; 
C. Brixhe, A. Panayotou, “Le Macédonien” in: Langues indo-européennes, ed. Bader, Paris, 1994, 205–220; and J.
Chadwick, The Prehistory of the Greek
, Cambridge 1963.


5) Friedman’s assertion that the Greek State has
implemented repressive measures against the “Macedonian minority” in Greece is
politically motivated. Most importantly, it misrepresents the real demographic
situation in the Northwestern prefectures of Greek Macedonia, by not taking
into account the fact that t
he use of variant local Slavonic-like
idioms/dialects is widespread among bilingual, indigenous Greek Macedonians
with unambiguous Greek identity.  These
bilingual Greek Macedonians (also known as Grecomans or Grkmani) along with
Grecovlachs were the backbone of Romiosyni and Hellenism in the region during
the 19th and 20th centuries. Friedman should by now be
cognizant of the fact that when it comes to Macedonian identities it ultimately
boils down to choices of national
affiliation, as, not infrequently, even members of the same family may profess
divergent ethnic/national identities. And even though Greece disputes the
existence of a “Macedonian minority” on the grounds of definition, the
self-described “party of the Macedonian minority in Greece”, Rainbow-Vinozhito,
enjoys full recognition by the Greek state (and receives a negligible number of
votes in elections). Vinozhito’s members are free to openly express their
grievances and dissenting opinions.  


The problem of
FYROM is further compounded by the fact that a large proportion of its
population, and a number of the Slavophone inhabitants of Greece, collaborated
with the Italian and German occupation forces (1941-1944) [22] and by the
rekindling of old family feuds and grievances dating back to the days of the
Greek Civil War (1945-1949). These have nowadays resurfaced thanks to the
bitter politics embraced by a third generation of politicians in Skopje,
belonging for the most part to the nationalist VMRO-DPMNE party [16, 22]. Some
of them, like current Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, identify themselves as
“Aegean Macedonian” (Egejski)
political refugees, based on their family roots in Greek Macedonia [16]. At
issue are claims for restitution and/or repatriation, subjects that other
states with autonomist Axis collaborators (such as the Czech Republic and
Poland) refuse even to discuss
[22, 23]. Whilst during the past thirty years
the Greeks have managed to heal some of the Civil War wounds, there are still
fresh memories, even among members of the Greek Communist Party, about the
subversive actions of Makedonski autonomist bandsmen of NOF endangering the
territorial integrity of Greek Macedonia. By playing the Egejski card half a century later, in the midst of negotiations
over the thorny ‘name issue’, Skopje shows an increasingly
intransigent and confrontational -rather than constructive




conclude by emphasizing that sensationalism and sheer bias, as displayed in
Friedman’s interview, serve neither historical truth nor a constructive
scholarly or political discourse; and they certainly do not help the people of
FYROM. No intellectual and scholar should feel comfortable accepting, let alone
promoting, such rhetoric.





1. Victor
Friedman on Macedonia: the Balkanalysis.com Interview



2. “Byzantium nurtured the untamed tribes of the Serbs, Bulgars,
Russians and Croats and shaped them into nations. It gave them its religion,
its institutions, its traditions, and taught their leaders how to govern.
Indeed, [Byzantium] gave them the essence of culture –written language/script
and philology.”  F. Dvornik, Les Slaves, Byzance et Rome au IXe siècle,
II, Paris 1928 and P.P. Charanis, The
development of Byzantine Studies in the United States
.  Acceptance lecture by Professor P. Charanis
upon his conferral of Doctor honoris
by the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (14.3.1972), Thessaloniki,
1973, 34. Cited in
Lazarou, Ellinismos kai Laoi
Notioanatolikis (NA) Evropis. Diachronikes kai Diepistimonikes Diadromes
Tomos A’. Lychnia Publishers, Athens, 2009, p. 218 [ISBN 978-960-930950-9].


3. Antonios-Emilios Tahiaos O Athonitis Monahos Maximos o Graikos. O
Teleftaios ton Vyzantinon sti Rossia,
published by the Society for Macedonian Studies,
People’s Library, Thessaloniki 2008.



Before coming to Moscow, the
Greek brothers studied in Venice and Padua. At the Moscow Academy, Ioanniky
taught physics while his brother Sofrony taught physics and logic in the
Aristotelian tradition, while also emphasizing the works of Byzantine
philosophers. The Greek brothers embodied the so-called “Greek” trend
that prevailed in Russian culture prior to the radical reforms introduced by
Peter the Great. Unlike the “Latin” tradition, which emanated from
medieval Western scholasticism with a slant toward rhetoric and poetry, the
Greek trend focused heavily on philosophy, history, and natural sciences. The rich
and fertile rivalry between these two scholarly and scientific traditions was a
prevailing feature of Russian culture during the late 17th century
Alexander Vucinich, Science in Russian Culture: A History to 1860,
Stanford University Press, 1963]


5. P. Matalas, Ethnos kai
Orthodoxia. Oi peripeteies mias schesis. Apo to ‘Elladiko’ sto Voulgariko
Panepistimiakes Ekdoseis Kritis, 2002


6. Lukas D. Tsitsipis. A linguistic anthropology of praxis and language shift: Arvanítika

and Greek in contact. Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 1998. Also, see Victor Friedman’s “The Albanian Language in Its Eastern
Diaspora.” Arvanitika kai Ellenika: Zetemata polyglossikon kai polypolitismikon
koinoteton [Greek: Arvanitika and Greek: Problems of multilingual and multicultural

Vol. 2, ed. by Loukas Tsitsipis. Livadeia,
Greece: European Union&The Prefecture of Levadeia, 1998,



7. Kostas Kazazis’ obituary by Victor Friedman
posted on the website of Society
Farsarotul, a United States-based political activist group promoting the
so-called independent Aromanian movement http://www.farsarotul.org/nl25_5.htm


8. Antonis M. Koltsidas’ monograph entitled Greek Education in Monastir – Pelagonia
Organisation and Operation of Greek Schools, Cultural Life
. [English
Translation by Janet Koniordos] published by the Society for Macedonian
Studies, Macedonian Library – 105, Thessaloniki 2008 http://www.ems.gr/ems/client/userfiles/file/EKDOSEIS/MAKEDONIKI_BIBLIOTHIKI/Koltsidas_Monastiri_Pelagonia.pdf


9. See Christos D. Katsetos’ article entitled Vlahoi. Rahokokalia tou Ellinikou ethnous
(Vlachs – The backbone of the Greek nation) published in the Athens newspaper Apogevmatini (on 11 November, 2007, p.
17) http://www.vlahoi.net/content/view/257/109/


10. See the excerpt from the Introduction of J.N. Adams’ book.



11. See Rochette’s treatise Les Romains et le latin vus par les Grecs.



12. See Lazarou, op.
p. 293 [vide supra].
Prokopios Dimitrios Pamperis Moschopolitis, «Απαρίθμησις Λογίων Γραικών», Hamburg, 1772. Reprinted by Karavias Publishers, Athens, 1966


13. Theodoros Kavaliotis, founder of the New Academy of Moschopolis, was
the author of a quadrilingual dictionary entitled Protopiria. Das dreisprächige
Wörterverzeichnis von Theodoros Anastasiu Kavalliotes aus Moschopolis, gedruckt
1770 in Venedig: albanisch-deutsch-neugriechischich-aromunisch/ neu bearbeit,
mit dem heutigen Zustande der albanischen Schriftsprache verglichen_ [Protopiria
Πρωτοπειρία)= Primer. Three Lists of Words in Three
Languages, which was printed in 1770 in Venice: Albanian-German-Modern (‘Nea’)
Greek-Armîn/Vlach; New edition, with the today’s Situation of the Albanian
written Language].


14. Thomas Paschidis, «Οι Αλβανοί
και το μέλλον
αυτών εν τω ΕλληνισμώΜετά παραρτήματος περί των Ελληνοβλάχων και Βουλγάρων»,
υπό Θ. Πασχίδου [Shqiptarët dhe e ardhmja e tyre në helenizëm – Me shtesë mbi
grekovllehtë dhe bullgarët] Th. Paskidu, 1879 [The Albanians and their future
in Hellenism -With an appendix on Grecovlachs and Bulgarians]. Reprinted by
Karavias Publishers, Athens, 1981



15. Mihail Lambrinidis,  «Οι Αλβανοί κατά την κυρίως Ελλάδα και την Πελοπόννησον
ΎδραΣπέτσαι)», υπό Μιχαήλ Λαμπρυνίδου,
1907[Shqiptarët në Greqinë qendrore dhe në Peloponez Mihail Lambrinidou, 1907]
[The Albanians in Mainland Greece and Peloponnese (Hydra-Spetsae)]. Reprinted
by Karavias Publishers, Athens, 1981



16. See analysis by Dr. Evangelos Kofos of the
ICG Report “Macedonia’s Name: Breaking the Deadlock” http://blogs.eliamep.gr/en/kofos/analysis-icg-report-macedonia’s-name-breaking-the-deadlock/#more-92 

Also, see essay by the same author
entitled ‘The Unresolved “Difference over the Name”: The Greek perspective’.
In: Kofos E, Vlasidis V (Eds) Athens-Skopje:
An Uneasy Symbiosis, 1995-2002.
Research Centre
for Macedonian History and Documentation at the Museum of the Macedonian
Struggle, Thessaloniki, 2005


17.  See
claims about the ‘Sub-Saharan origin of the Greeks’ in state-sponsored
ethnogenetic studies.



18. Kofos, ibid


19  Vance Stojcev. Voena Istorija Na Makedonija: Skici. Sojuzot na drustvata na
istoricarite na RM i Voenata akademija General Mihailo Apostolski, ISBN
9989776075 (9989-776-07-5)
/ Military History of Macedonia. Military Academy General Mihailo
Apostolski, ISBN 9989134057 (9989-134-05-7)


20. Excerpted from the letter of
Dr. Rouman
to the New
Hampshire Governor Craig Benson (dated 2002). Dr. Rouman was for five years, both at the University of Wisconsin at
Madison and at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, research
assistant during Professor Charles F. Edson’s protracted and difficult project,
focusing on the editing of all the inscriptions of ancient Thessalonica from
the third century B.C. to the seventh or eighth century A.D. for the German
Academy of Berlin.
For his meritorious contribution Dr. Edson was awarded
the prestigious Charles Goodwin Award of Merit of the American Philological

21. Brian Joseph (1999), Ancient Greek in: J. Garry,
C. Rubino, A. Faber, R. French (editors), Facts
About the World’s Languages: An Encyclopedia of the World’s Major Languages:
Past and Present
, New York/Dublin, H. W. Wilson Press, 2001


22. See
article by Aristide D. Caratzas titled Oi
nazistikes rizes tou VMRO
(the Nazi origins of VMRO) published in the
Athens newspaper Ethnos   (2.8.2009)


Also, see
article by the same author entitled “W
hy the Greek People Cannot Easily Accept FYROM’s Claims” published in The National Herald (30.8.2009)



23. See commentary by Evangelos Kofos titled “Unexpected Initiatives: Towards the
resettlement of a Slav-Macedonian minority in Macedonia?”
(Originally published in the Athens newspaper To Vima on June 25 , 2003) http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Opinion/comm_20030710Kofos.html





Martis, Nikolaos, Former Minister
of Macedonia/Thrace.

Agathos, Spiros N.,
Professor, Catholic University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, BELGIUM.

Albrecht-Piliouni, Effie, Professor of Linguistics, Auburn
University, Auburn, AL, USA.

Albrecht, Ulrich, Professor of Mathematics,
Auburn University, Auburn, AL USA.


Anagnostopoulos, Stavros A., Professor of
Civil Engineering, Head, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE.


Anastassiou, George, Professor of
Mathematics, University of Memphis, USA.

Anastassopoulou, Jane, Professor, NTUA, GREECE.

Andreadis, Stelios T., Ph.D., Professor, Bioengineering
Laboratory, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, New York,

Antoniou, Antonios, Dr. Dent.,
D.M.D., Dental Surgeon, Lemesos, CYPRUS.

Arkas Evangelos, Ph.D., CEO Prometheus Technology Inc.
London, UK.

Aroniadou-Anderjaska, Vassiliki, Ph.D., Research Assistant
Professor of Neuroscience, Dept. of APG and Dept. of Psychiatry, F. Edward
Hebert School of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Athanassouli, Georgia, Ph.D., Associate   Professor, Department
of Physics, University of Patras, GREECE.

Baloglou, George, Associate Professor
of Mathematics (retired, SUNY
Oswego), Thessaloniki, GREECE.

Balopoulos, Victor, Associate
Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Thrace,

Barbas, John T., Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry, Valdosta
State University, Valdosta, GA, USA.

Billis, Euripides, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, National
Technical University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Bitros, George C., Professor of Economics, Emeritus, Department
of Economics, Athens, University of Economics and Business, Athens, GREECE.

Botsas, Lefteris N., Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, Economics
Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA.

Boundas, Constantin V., Professor Emeritus, Department
of Philosophy, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, CANADA.

Bouros, Demosthenes, MD, Ph.D. FCCP Professor of Pneumonology,
Chairman,  Dept, of Internal Medicine,
Democritus University of Thrace, GREECE.

Bronstein, Arna, Associate Professor of
Russian, Dept. of Languages, Literatures and Cultures, University of New
Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.


Burriel, Angeliki R.,


Bucher, Matthias, Ph.D., Assistant
Professor, ECE Dept., Technical University of Crete, Chania, Crete, GREECE.


Cacoullos, Theophilos, Emeritus Professor,
University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.


Caratzas, Aristide D.,
Historian, Academic Publisher, Athens/New York.


Chaniotakis, Nikos, Professor of Chemistry,
University of Crete, Crete, GREECE.


Christodoulou, Chris, Ph.D.,
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science, University of Cyprus, 75
Kallipoleos Ave, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, CYPRUS.


Christodoulou, Manolis A., Professor of
Control Laboratory, Technical University of Crete, Chania, Crete, GREECE.


Chrysanthopoulos, Michael, Ph.D.,
Historian, Hagiographer, Thessaloniki, GREECE.

Cladis, John B., Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics, Lockheed Martin
Space Physics Lab, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Clairmont, Richard, Dr., Senior Lecturer of Classics,
University of NH, USA.

Constantinides, Christos, Professor Emeritus, Electrical and Computer
Engineering, University of Wyoming, USA.

Constantinou, Philip, Ph.D., Professor, School of
Electrical and Computer Engineering. National technical University of Athens,
Athens, GREECE.

Constantopoulos, Yannis, Professor,

Coucouvanis, Dimitri, Professor of Chemistry, The
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan,  U.S.A.

Daglis, Ioannis A., Ph.D., Research Director, Institute for
Space Applications National Observatory of Athens, Penteli, GREECE.

Damianou, Pantelis, Professor, Department
of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Cyprus, 1678, Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Danginis, Vassilios A., Ph.D., Director of
Engineering, SMSC, Hauppauge, NY 11788, USA.

Deltas, Constantinos, Professor of
Genetics, Chairman of Biological Sciences, Head, Laboratory of Molecular and
Medical Genetics, University of Cyprus, Kallipoleos  Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Demetracopoulos, Alex C., Professor, Dept.
of Civil Engineering, University of Patras, 265 00, Patras, GREECE.


Demopoulos, George P., Ph.D., Eng., FCIM, Professor
and Gerald Hatch Faculty Fellow,
Associate Chair and Graduate Program Director, Department of Mining and
Materials Engineering, McGill University, Wong Building, 3610 University
Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2B2, CANADA.


Nikitas, PhD, PEng, FEIC, Professor and Lansdowne Chair in Computer
Engineering, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of

3055, Victoria B.C. V8W 3P6, CANADA.


Dokos, Socrates, Dr., Senior Lecturer,
Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, University of New South Wales


Doulia, Danae,
Professor of Nat. Techn. University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.


Dritsos, Stephanos E., Professor, Dept. of
Civil Engineering, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE.

Economou, Thanasis, Senior Scientist, Laboratory for
Astrophysics and Space Research, Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago,

Efthymiou, Pavlos N., Professor, Dr.
ret. nat., Faculty of Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, GR – 541 24 THESSALONIKI, GREECE.

Episcopos, Athanasios, Associate Professor, Athens
University of Economics and Business, Athens, 10434, GREECE.

Eriotis, Nikolaos, Associate Professor of Accounting,
University of Athens, Philothei, GREECE.

Fleszar, Aleksandra, Assoc. Professor of
Russian, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA.

Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, Maria, Ph.D., Professor,
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Tufts University, Medford,

Fotopoulos, Spiros, Professor, Electronics Laboratory,
Department of Physics, University of Patras, GREECE.

Foudopoulos, Panayotis, Ph.D., Electrical Engineer,
National Technical University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Fthenakis, Vasilis, Director, Center
for Life Cycle Analysis, Earth and Environmental Engineering Department,
Columbia University, 926 S.W. Mudd, 500 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027,

Gatzoulis, Nina, Supreme President of the Pan-Macedonian
Association (USA) and Professor, Department of Languages, Literatures and
Cultures, University of New Hampshire, USA.

Gavalas, George, Professor Emeritus of Chemical
Engineering, California Institute of Technology, USA.

Gavras, Irene, MD, Professor of Medicine, Boston University
School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Georgakis, Christos, Professor,
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering,
Bernard M. Gordon Senior Faculty Fellow of Systems Engineering, TUFTS
University, Medford, MA, 02155, USA.

Georges, Anastassios T., Professor, Department of Physics,
University of Patras, GREECE.

Georgiou, Demetrius A., Associate Professor, Faculty of Engineering,
Democritus University of Thrace, GREECE.

Giannakidou, Anastasia, Professor of Linguistics, Dept. of
Linguistics, University of Chicago, USA.

Grammatikos Theoharry, Associate Director,
Methods and Processes Improvement,
European Investment Bank, 100, blvd Konrad Adenauer, L-2950, Luxembourg.

Groumpos, Petros P., Professor, Department
of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Patras, GREECE.

Halamandaris, Pandelis, Ph.D., Ed.D. Professor Emeritus, Brandon
University, Deputy Director, University of Manitoba Centre for Hellenic
Civilization, CANADA.

Hassiotis Sophia, Ph.D., Civil
Engineering Program Director, CEOE, Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken,
N.J. 07030, USA.

Horsch, Georgios M., Assistant Professor, Department of
Civil Engineering       
University of Patras, Patras, GREECE.

Ioannou, Petros, Ph.D., Professor, Electrical
Engineering-Systems, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Iliadis, Lazaros S., Associate
Professor, Democritus University of Thrace, GREECE.

Kakouli-Duarte, Thomais, Ph.D., President,
Hellenic Community of Ireland, and
Lecturer, Environmental Bio-Sciences,
Dept. of Science and Health Institute of Technology, Carlow, IRELAND.

Kamari, Georgia, Professor, Division of
Plant Biology, Department of Biology, University of Patras, GR-265 00, Patras,

Kambezidis, Harry, Dr., Research
Observatory of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Karabalis, Dimitris L., Professor,
University of Patras, GREECE.

Karageorgis, Demetris, Information Science Teacher,
Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Karagiannidis, Iordanis, Ph.D., Assistant Researcher,
Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA,

Karakatsanis, Theoklitos S., Ph.D., Electrical
Engineer N.T.U.A, Assistant Professor D.U.TH., Dept. of Production Engineering
& Management, School of Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace,


Karatzios, Christos,
M.D. C.M., FRCPC, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, McGill University Health
Centre, Division of Infectious Diseases, Montreal Children’s Hospital;
Associate Member, Special Immunology Division, Centre Universitaire Mere-Enfant
de l’Hopital Ste Justine, University of Montreal, Quebec, CANADA.


Karayanni, Despina A., Ph.D., Assistant
Professor of Marketing, University of Patras, Department of Business
Administration, GREECE.

Karpathakis, Anna, Ph.D., Associate Professor of
Sociology, CUNY, New York, USA.


Katsetos, Christos D., M.D., Ph.D.,
FRCPath, Professor of Pathology, Drexel University College of Medicine and St.
Christopher’s Hospital for Children, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.


Katsifarakis, Konstantinos L., Ph.D.,
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of
Thessaloniki, GREECE.


Katsifis, Spiros, Ph.D., FACFE, Associate
Professor and Chair, Department of Biology, University of Bridgeport
Bridgeport, CT, USA.


Katsoufis, Elias C., Associate Professor of Physics, School of Applied Sciences, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Katsouris, Andreas, Professor of Ancient
Greek Philology, Division of Classical Philology, University of Ioannina,

Kitridou, Rodanthi C., MD, FACP, MACR Professor Emerita of
Medicine (Rheumatology), USC Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Komodromos, Petros, Lecturer, Department of Civil &
Environmental Engineering University of Cyprus, CYPRUS.

Konstantatos (Kostas), Demosthenes J., Ph.D., M.Sc.,
M.B.A., Telecommunications, Greenwich, CT, USA.

Kottis, George C., Emeritus
Professor, Athens University of Economics and Business Science, Athens, GREECE.


Kugiumtzis, Dimitris,
Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematical, Physical and Computational
Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GREECE.


Koussis, Antonis D., Ph.D., Research Director, Institute
for Environmental Research, National Observatory of Athens, Metaxa &
Vassileos Pavlou, GR – 152 36 Palaia Penteli, Athens, GREECE.

Koutroumbas, Konstantinos, Ph.D., Researcher, Institute for
Space Applications & Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, Palea
Penteli, 15236 ATHENS-GREECE.

Koutselini, Mary, Dr ,
Department of Education, University of Cyprus, CYPRUS.

Kouzoudis, Dimitris, Lecturer,
Engineering Sciences Department, University of Patras, 26504 Patras, GREECE.

Kritas, Spyridon K., DVM, Ph.D., Dipl. ECPHM Assistant
Professor, Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, School of
Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki,
Macedonia, GREECE.

Kritikos, Haralambos N., Professor Emeritus, Department of Systems
and Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA, USA.

Kyriacou, George A., Associate Professor, Department of Electrical
and Computer Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi, GREECE.

Kyriakou, Anastasia, Plant Pathologist, Agricultural
Research Institute, Lefcosia, CYPRUS.

Anastasios, Professor, Department of Criminology and Security Sciences,
University of South Africa, Pretoria, SOUTH AFRICA.

Michail G., Assistant Professor, Technical University of Crete, Chania, GREECE.

Lambrinos, Panos,
Professor of Mathematics, School of Engineering, Democritus, University of
Thrace, Xanthi, GREECE.

Lampropoulos, George A., Ph.D. Adjunct Professor, ECE
Dept., University of Calgary, CANADA.

Lampropoulou, Venetta, Professor of Deaf Education, Deaf
Studies Unit, Department of Education, University of Patras, GREECE.

Anastas, Professor Emeritus, Widener University, One University Place, Chester,
PA 19013, USA.

Leventouri, Theodora, Dr.,  Professor, Department of Physics, Florida
Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL,  USA.

Lialiaris, Theodore S., BSc, MD, Ph.D., Assoc. Professor of Medical Biology and
Cytogenetics, Medical School of Democritus University of Thrace, GREECE.

Lolos, George J., Professor, Physics Department, University
of Regina, CANADA.

Lymberopoulos,  John Ph.D., Leeds School Summer Dean,
Professor of International Business & Finance Leeds School of Business,
University of Colorado at Boulder, USA.

Manias, Stefanos, Professor, National Technical University
of Athens, Dep. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Electrical Machines and
Power electronics Laboratory, Athens, GREECE.

Manolopoulos, Vangelis G., Assoc. Professor
of Pharmacology, Democritus University of Thrace, Medical School, Alexandroupolis,

Maragos, Petros, Professor,
National Technical University of Athens,
School of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Athens , GREECE.

Melakopides, Costas,  Associate Professor of
International Relations, University of Cyprus,  Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Mermigas, Eleftherios, Professor, ASCP, Pathology
and Anatomical Sciences, University at Buffalo NY, USA.


Metallinos-Katsaras, Elizabeth, Ph.D. RD, Associate
Professor, Nutrition Department,
Simmons College, Boston MA, USA.


Stathis, Ph.D., P.E. Professor and Chair, Mechanical Engineering University of
Texas at San Antonio One UTSA Circle San Antonio, TX, USA.


Michailidis, Dimitri,
M.D., Gen.Surgeon, President, ELEFI (Hellenic Association of Pharmaceutical
Physicians), President, Auditors Committee, Hellenic Society of Pharmacology,


Michopoulos, Aristotle, Dr., Greek Studies,
Hellenic College, Brookline, MA, USA.


Miller, Stephen G., Professor Emeritus,
Classical Archaeology, University of California, Berkeley CA, USA.

Mylonakou-Kekes Iro, Assistant Professor, Department of Educational,
, Faculty of Primary Education, University of Athens, 13A Navarinou, 10680

Milonas, Nikolaos, Professor
of Finance, University of Athens, Marousi, GREECE.

Moulopoulos, Konstantinos,
Dr., Associate Professor of Physics, University of Cyprus, CYPRUS.

Mourtos, Nikos J., Ph.D., Professor,
Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, San Jose State University, One
Washington Square San Jose, CA, USA.

Nasis, Vasileios T., Ph.D., Adjunct
Professor, Drexel University College of Engineering, Philadelphia,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Nenes, Athanasios, Associate Professor,
Schools of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and Chemical and Biomolecular
Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.

Newman, Constantine, Reverent Dr.,
Classics Professor-University of New Hampshire, USA.

Newman Anna, Professor of Classics-University of New Hampshire, USA.

Nikolakopoulos, Konstantin, Professor, Institute of
Orthodox Theology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, GERMANY.

Panagiotakopoulos, Chris T., B.Sc.,
 Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Educational Technology, University of
Patras – School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Department of Education, Archemedes Str., 265 04 Rio Patras, GREECE.

Panagiotakopoulos, Demetrios, Professor of Civil
Engineering, Democritus  University of Thrace, Xanthi,  GREECE.

Panagiotopoulos, Dimitrios P., Assoc. Professor,
University of Athens, Attorney-at-Law, President of International Association
of Sports Law, GREECE.

George K., Ph.D., Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Epirus Institute of
Technology, Arta, 47100, GREECE.

Papadopoulos, George,
Professor Emeritus, Applied Electronics Laboratory, Electrical and Computer
Engineering, University of Patras, GREECE.

Papadopoulos, Kyriakos, Ph.D.,
Professor, Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Tulane
University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA.

Papamarkos, Nikos, Professor,
Democritus University of Thrace, School of Engineering, Department of
Electrical and Computer Engineering, GREECE.

Papavassiliou, Dimitrios P.,
MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital of New
Columbia University Medical Center. New York, NY, USA. 

Papazoglou, Georges, Professor of Palaeography, Chairman –
Department History and Ethnology, Democritus University of Thrace, KOMOTINI,

Patitsas, Steve, Ph.D., Assoc. Professor, Physics
Department, University of Lethbridge,
4401 University Drive, Lethbridge,  Alberta,  T1K 3M4, CANADA.   

Patitsas, Tom Athanasios, Professor
Emeritus, Department of Physics and Astronomy Laurentian University, Sudbury,

Pelekanos, Nikos, Professor of Materials Science and
Technology, University of Crete, Heraklion-Crete, GREECE.

Pelides, Panayiotis, Ph.D., Consultant
Anesthesiologist, American Heart Institute, Nicosia, CYPRUS. 

Persephonis, Peter, Professor, Physics Department, University
of Patras, GREECE.

Phufas, Ellene S., Professor, English/Humanities SUNY- ECC
Buffalo, NY, USA.

Pintelas, Panagiotis E., Professor of Computer Science,
Dept. of Mathematics, University of Patras, Patras, GREECE.

Pittas, Stamatios, Head of Marketing Dept., KOSTEAS GROUP

Plionis, Manolis, Ph.D., Research Director,
Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens,


Pnevmatikatos, Dionysios, Assoc. Professor,
ECE Department, Technical University of Crete, GREECE.

Polychroniadis, K.E., Professor, Department of Physics,
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE.

Poularikas, Alexander D., Professor Emeritus (University of
Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama), Houston, Texas, USA.

Pozios, John LL.B., MBA, Director, Desautels Centre
for Private Enterprise and the Law, Faculty of Law, University of Manitoba, CANADA.

Psaras, GK, Ph.D., Professor, Section
of Plant Biology, Department of Biology, University of Patras, Patras, GR 265

Psyrri, Amanda,
MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Apostolos T., Ph.D., Dipl., Past President, World Veterinary Association,
Marousi, GREECE.

Rapsomanikis, S., Ph.D., Professor, Director,
Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, Control Engineering of Atmospheric
Pollutants, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of
Thrace, Xanthi, GREECE.

Raptis, Aristotle, Professor, University of Athens, GREECE. 

Rigas, Fotis, Ph.D., Associate Professor, National
Technical University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Emmanuel, MD, PhD., Assoc.
Professor, 3rd Dept. Pediatrics,
University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration Hospital, Thessaloniki, GREECE.


Romanos, Michael, Ph.D., Professor of
Economic Development, School of Planning, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati,
Ohio, USA.


Rontoyannis, George P., Professor, Dept.
Phys Ed Sports, Science University of Thessaly, GREECE.

Rouman, John C., Dr., Professor Emeritus of Classics.

Sarafopoulos Dimitrios, Associate Professor, Department of
Electrical and Computer Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi,

Samaras George, Professor, USA.

Samothrakis, Periandros, Ph.D., P.E.,
Hydraulic Engineer, Frederick, Maryland, USA.

Sapatinas, Theofanis,  BSc, MSc, Ph.D., Associate
Professor of Statistics, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University
of Cyprus, Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Savvas, Minas, Professor Emeritus, San
Diego State University, SanDiego, CA, USA.

Siafarikas Panayiotis,
Professor, Department of Mathematics, University of Patras                       Patras, GREECE.                          

Sideris, Kosmas, Ph.D., Civil Engineer Lecturer, Democritus
University of Thrace, Xanthi, GREECE.

Simitses, George J., Professor Emeritus of Aerospace
Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Siolas, John G., Ph.D., Educator, New York, USA.

Sivitanides, Marcos P., Ph.D.,
Associate Professor, Information Systems, McCoy
College of Business, Texas State University San Marcos, Texas, USA.

Skias, Stylianos G., Assist. Professor, Democritus
University of Thrace, GREECE.

Skodras, A. N., Professor, Head of
Computer Science, School of Science & Technology
Hellenic Open University, 13-15 Tsamadou, GR-26222 Patras, GREECE.

Sotiropoulou, Georgia, PhD, Assoc.
Professor, Department of Pharmacy, School of Health Sciences, University of
Patras, Rion-Patras 26500, GREECE.

Staikos, Georgios, Assoc. Professor, Laboratory of Organic
Chemical Technology
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Patras, University Campus –
Rion, GR – 265 04 Patras, GREECE. 

Stamatoyannopoulos, George, M.D., Dr.,
Sci., Professor of Medicine and Genome Sciences, Director, Markey Molecular
Medicine Center, K-240 Health Sciences Building, Box 357720, Seattle, WA
98195-7720, USA.

Stamboliadis, Elias, Associate Professor, Mineral
Resources, Engineering Dept, Technical University of Crete University, Campus
Chania, Crete, GREECE.

Stavrou, Esther, Ph.D., Associate Clinical
Professor, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Yeshiva University, Bronx,
New York,  USA.

Stephanopoulos, Greg W.H., Dow Professor, Chemical
Engineering and Biotechnology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department
of Chemical Engineering, Cambridge, MA, USA.


Syrimis, Michael,
Assistant Professor, Department of French and Italian, Tulane University, New
Orleans, Louisiana, USA.


Tassios, Dimitrios, Professor Emeritus, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Tavouktsoglou, Athanasios N., Ph.D., Professor, Concordia
University, College of Alberta, CANADA.

Templar, Marcus A.,
M.A., M.S.,
Balkans expert, Illinois, USA.

Thramboulidis, Kleanthis, Assoc. Professor, Software
Engineering Group (SEG) – Electrical & Computer, University of Patras,

Triantaphyllopoulos, Demetrios D., Professor, Department of
Archaeology and History,
University of Cyprus, CYPRUS.

Tryphonopoulos, Demetres P., A/Dean, School
of Graduate Studies, Professor, Dept. of English, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton,


Tsakiridou, Cornelia
A., Ph.D., Associate Professor, Philosophy, Director, Diplomat-In-Residence
Program, La Salle University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Tsatsanifos, Christos, Ph.D., Civil Engineering MSc.,
D.I.C. M.ASCE. Athens, GREECE.

Tsigas-Fotinis, Vasiliki, Ph.D., Professor of Education, Caldwell
College, Caldwell, New Jersey, USA. 

Tsihrintzis, Vassilios A., Ph.D., P.E.,
P.H., Professor of Ecological Engineering & Technology, Director,
Laboratory of Ecological Engineering & Tehnology, Chairman, Department of
Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Democritus University of
Thrace, Xanthi 67100, GREECE.

Tsaroucha, Alexandra, MD, Ph.D., Assistant
Professor of Surgery, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi 67100, GREECE.

Tsinganos, Kanaris, Professor, Department of Physics,
University of Athens, Athens, GREECE.

Tsohantaridis, Timotheos, Ph.D., Professor of Biblical
Studies and Greek, George Fox University, Newberg, Oregon, USA.

Valanides, Nicos (visiting scholar at DePaul University,
Chicago, USA), Associate Professor (Science Education), Nicosia, CYPRUS. 

Velivasakis, Emmanuel E., PE, FASCE, President, PANCRETAN

Vardulakis, Antonis, Professor, Department of Mathematics,
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE.

Varkaraki, Elli, Ph.D., Senior Researcher, Centre for
Renewable Energy Sources, GREECE.

Vasilos, Thomas, Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemical
Engineering, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, Massachusetts, USA.

Velgakis, Michael, Professor of Physics, Engineering
Science Dept., University of Patras, Patras, GREECE.

Vlavianos, Nickie, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, University
of Calgary, Calgary, CA, USA.

Vomvas, Athanassios, Associate Professor, Department of
Physics, University of Patras
26500 Patras, GREECE.

Voudrias, Evangelos A., Professor, Department of
Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, GREECE.

Vrongistinos, Konstantinos, Ph.D., Biomechanics Laboratory,
Department of Kinesiology, 18111 Nordhoff St., California State University,
Northridge, CA, USA.

Yannopoulos, Panayotis C., Associate
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Patras, GREECE.

Yiacoumettis, Andreas M., Assoc. Professor, Plastic
Surgery, Democritus University of Thrace, Secretary General ESPRAS ExCo, President
11th ESPRAS CONGRESS, President UEMS Section Plast. Rec.& Aesthetic
Surgery, GREECE.

Ypsilanti, Maria, Assistant Professor
of Ancient Greek Literature, University of Cyprus, Dept. of Classical Studies
and Philosophy, PO Box 20537, 1678, Nicosia, CYPRUS.

Zavos, Panayiotis, Professor Emeritus, Reproductive
Medicine & Andrology, Lexington, KY, USA.

Zervakis, Michalis, Professor of Electronics and Computer
Technical University of Crete, Chania, GREECE.

Zervos, Nicholas A., Ph.D., Director, Adv. Multimedia

Zotou, Vassiliki, Ph.D., Language and Linguistics, University of Thessaly,
Volos, GREECE.



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